Menstrual cramps are painful sensations that affect a lot of women before and during a menstrual period.
The pain, also referred to as dysmenorrhea or period pains, ranges from dull and annoying to severe and extreme. Menstrual cramps tend to start after ovulation when an egg is released from the ovaries and travels down the fallopian tube.
Pain can happen in the lower abdomen and lower back. It usually starts 1 to days before menstruation and lasts from 2 to 4 days. Pain that is only associated with the process of menstruation is known as primary dysmenorrhea.
If the cramping pain is due to an identifiable medical problem such as endometriosis, using fibroids or pelvic inflammatory disease. it’s called secondary dysmenorrhea.