Hypertension is another name given to high blood pressure. It can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and even death.
Blood pressure is known as the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. The pressure depends on the work being done by the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels. Medical guidelines define hypertension as a blood pressure higher than 130 over 90 millimeters of mercury. Around 85 million people in the US have high blood pressure.
Hypertension and heart disease are global health concerns. The WHO (World Health Organization) suggests that the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide, and that this plays a role in hypertension.