Chemotherapy treats a lot of different types of cancer effectively. However, just like any other treatments, it often causes side effects. The side effects of chemotherapy are different for every person. They depend on the type of cancer, location, drugs and dose, and your overall health.
WHY DOES CHEMOTHERAPY CAUSE SIDE EFFECTS
Chemotherapy works on active cells. Active cells are the cells that are growing and dividing into more of the same type of cell. Cancer cells are active, but so are some healthy cells. These include cells in your blood, mouth, digestive system and hair follicles. Side effects happen when chemotherapy damages these healthy cells.
CAN SIDE EFFECTS BE TREATED?
Yes, your healthcare provider can help you prevent or treat a lot of side effects. Nowadays, a lot more medications are available for side effects than in the past. Preventing and treating side effects, called palliative care or supportive care, is an important part of the treatment of cancer.
Doctors and scientists work constantly to develop drugs, drug mixtures, and ways of giving treatment with less side effects. A lot of chemotherapy are easier to tolerate than they were a couple of years ago.